The origin of the Landseer stems back to Germany and Switzerland. In the USA and Great Britain the Landseer is considered the same breed as the Newfoundland, however in some European countries the Landseer is a totally different breed than the Newfoundland. Landseers in Europe have longer legs than Newfies; Landseers are not so massive, they are more sporty dogs. In shows, they compete separately.
The Landseer should convey the impression of a tall, powerful and well-balanced dog. The legs are comparatively longer than those of the black Newfoundland, especially in the male. The Landseer is elegant, harmonious, agile and hardy. The wide muzzle is rather short and squared-off. The small, triangular ears are pendant. The nose is black. The feet are webbed for better swimming.
The tail hangs down. The water-repellent long outer coat is flat, oily and slightly wavy with a thick oily undercoat. Dogs that live indoors, however, tend to lose their undercoats.
The top coat, with exception of the head, should be long and as straight and dense as possible, soft to the touch, with good undercoat, which is not as dense as in the black Newfoundland. Slightly wavy coat on back and hindquarters is not objectionable. When brushed the wrong way it falls back into place naturally. The main color of the coat is a clear white with distinct black patches on body and croup. Collar, forechest, belly, legs and tail are white. The head is black with a white muzzle and a white symmetrical blaze.
Will do okay in an apartment if sufficiently exercised. They are relatively inactive indoors and a small yard is sufficient. They are sensitive to heat: provide them plenty of shade and cool water in warmer weather. These dogs prefer cool climates.
This gentle giant is quite content to laze around the house, but it still needs to be taken on a daily walk. While out on the walk the dog must be made to heel beside or behind the person holding the lead, as in a dog’s mind the leader leads the way, and that leader needs to be the human. It will enjoy frequent opportunities to swim and frolic.
The main breeding sites in the US are: